Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)

Function:

  1. Help in fatty acid metabolism
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128130506000085
  2. Help in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012383864300020X
  3. plays a role in the production of hormones and cholesterol
    https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002410.htm
  4. production of some neurotransmitters and amino acids
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123919342000242
  5. DNA synthesis and blood glucose maintenance.
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123918826000078
  6. needed for growth
    https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002410.htm

 

Overdose: 10 g/ day

Excess: excreted in the urine

Type: water soluble vitamin
https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/PantothenicAcid-HealthProfessional/#h8

 

Foods rich in pantothenic acid

Recommended daily intake= 5 mg

  1. Mushrooms, shiitake, dried:
    Contain: 21.9 mg
    % Daily value: 219%
  2. yeast, baker’s, active dry:
    Contain: 11.3 mg
    % Daily value: 113%
  3. Tea, instant, unsweetened, powder:
    Contain: 4.5 mg
    % Daily value: 45%
  4. safflower seed kernels, dried:
    Contain: 4 mg
    % Daily value: 40 %
  5. Lentils, raw:
    Contain: 2.1 mg
    % Daily value: 21 %
  6. Tomatoes, sun-dried:
    Contain: 2.1 mg
    % Daily value: 21 %
  7. Mung beans, mature seeds, raw:
    Contain: 1.9 mg
    % Daily value: 19%
  8. Radishes, oriental, dried:
    Contain: 1.9 mg
    % Daily value: 19 %
  9. Peanuts, all types, raw:
    Contain: 1.8 mg
    % Daily value: 18 %
  10. Chickpeas (garbanzo beans, bengal gram), mature seeds, raw
    Contain: 1.6 mg
    % Daily value: 16 %

 

 

Deficiency symptoms

  1. Generalized malaise
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1746161
  2. Acne vulgaris
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7476595
  3. Bone loss disorders
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31497217
  4. Neurodegeneration and dementia in Huntington’s disease (HD) which is a neurodegenerative disorder
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31212603
  5. Produce a “pro-inflammatory” state associated with atherosclerosis and autoimmunity
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27515213
  6. Fat accumulation
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23510569