polyunsaturated fats foods
Medically reviewed by Sara Osman,RD,PT

Introduction

Polyunsaturated fatty acids contain n3 and n6 fatty acids including the essential fatty acids (EFA) as the body cannot synthesize it. The only EFA in the n-6 series is linoleic acid and in the n-3 series is Alpha-linolenic acid, the most common Omega-3 fatty acid [2,3].

The remaining fatty acids in this category are not considered to be essential fatty acids.

The long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are found in a seafood only and can be synthesized from α-linolenic acid (ALA) but the conversion efficiency is low [1].

As per the World Health Organization guidelines, Polyunsaturated fats intake goals are set to be around 6 to 10 E% 1 to 2 E% for n-3 fatty acids and 5 to 8 E% for n-6 fatty acids where E % is the percentage of total dietary energy (E%) or as grams per day for adults [3].

Good plant sources of omega-3 fats include vegetable oils, such as soybean, safflower, canola, soybean, and corn oil; nuts such as walnuts; seeds such as flaxseeds; and some vegetables [1,4].

Also, replacing calories from carbohydrates with equivalent calories from monounsaturated fats can reduce mortality risk by 11% [7].

Absorption/Storage/Excretion

The n-6 fatty acids are almost completely absorbed [2].

Polyunsaturated fatty acids are oxidized to carbon dioxide and water [2] ].

Small amounts are lost via the sloughing of skin and other epithelial cells [2].

Body Functions (Omega 3 Fatty acids – n3)

Body Functions (Omega 6 Fatty acids – n6)

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Deficiency Symptoms (Omega 3 Fatty acids – n3)

Deficiency Symptoms (Omega 6 Fatty acids – n6)

Polyunsaturated Food Sources

foods high in poly unsaturated fats vegan
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Nutrient Profiles For Food Groups

Fruits ( i )

Fruits (all types) – 0.07 g

Legumes ( i )

Legumes (all types) – 1.46 g

Nuts & Seeds ( i )

Nuts – 9.49 g
Seeds – 12.02 g

Veggies ( i )

Veggies – 0.32 g

Cereal grains & Flour ( i )

Cereal grains (all types) – 0.73 g

Oils ( i )

Industrial hydrogenated oils – 18.74 g
Cooking oils – 32.49 g
Other edible oils – 34.1 g

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Medically reviewed by Sara Osman,RD,PT

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