Iron is the most abundant essential trace mineral in the human body.
It’s is an essential component of haemoglobin, a protein that transfers oxygens from the lung to the tissues and all parts of the body. Without enough iron, there aren’t enough blood cells to transport oxygen, which leads to extreme fatigue.
It is readily available in foods as well as in health supplements and comes in two forms – heme and non-heme. Meat, seafood and poultry are rich in both heme and non-heme whereas non-heme iron is found abundantly in the plant-based diet as well as in iron-fortified foods.
World Health Organization(WHO) estimates that half of the 1.62 billion anaemia cases worldwide are due to iron deficiency.
In 2002, Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) was characterized as one of the 10 leading risk factors for disease around the world by WHO .