Recommended daily intake= 120 mcg


  1. Parsley, raw
    Contain: 1640 mcg
    %DV: 2050 %
  2. Kale, raw
    Contain: 817 mcg
    %DV: 1021%
  3. Dandelion greens, raw
    Contain: 778 mcg
    %DV: 973%
  4. Mustard greens, raw
    Contain: 497 mcg
    %DV: 622%
  5. Spinach, raw
    Contain: 483 mcg
    %DV: 604%
  6. Beet greens, raw
    Contain: 400 mcg
    %DV: 500%
  7. Watercress, raw
    Contain: 250 mcg
    %DV: 312%
  8. Onions, spring or scallions (includes tops and bulb), raw
    Contain: 207 mcg
    %DV: 259%
  9. Spices, pepper, black
    Contain: 164 mcg
    %DV: 205%
  10. Spices, curry powder
    Contain: 99.8 mcg
    %DV: 125%


Deficiency symptoms

  1. Increase the bleeding time and hemorrhage
  2. poor bone development and osteoporosis
  3. increased cardiovascular disease
  4. has a negative impact on spermatogenesis
  5. Depression

cognitive impairment



  1. Blood clotting
  2. maintain strong bones in the older adults.
  3. Prevent hardening of heart arteries
  4. an antidote in poisoning by dicoumarol or warfarin
  5. sometimes added to food as a preservative to control fermentation.
  6. Osteocalcin production that may be involved in bone mineralization


Overdose: absent

Excess: stored mainly in liver then stored in other body tissues, including the brain, heart, pancreas, and bone

Type: Fat soluble vitamin


Side effects of hypervitaminosis K:


No adverse effects associated with vitamin K consumption from food or supplements have been reported in humans or animals.