Functions:

  1. Treatment of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome in people who abuse alcohol.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23818100?dopt=Abstract
  2. reduce oxidative stress
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21564442?dopt=Abstract
  3. prevent the formation of harmful by-products of glucose metabolism
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21564442?dopt=Abstract
  4. Reduce cardiovascular risk in diabetic patients
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21564442?dopt=Abstract
  5. Reduce atherosclerosis in diabetic patients
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21564442?dopt=Abstract
  6. plays a role in nerve structure and function
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25564426

 

Overdose: more than 50 mg/day

The excess: excreted in the urine
https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Thiamin-HealthProfessional/#h8

Type: water-soluble vitamin
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25564426

 

Foods rich in thiamin

Recommended daily intake= 1.2 mg

  1. Yeast, bakers, compressed:
    Contain: 2.4 mg
    % Daily value: 157%
  2. Flaxseed:
    Contain: 1.6 mg
    % Daily value: 110%
  3. Sunflower seed kernels, dried:
    Contain: 1.5 mg
    % Daily value: 99%
  4. Pine nuts, dried:
    Contain: 1.2 mg
    % Daily value: 83%
  5. Beans, black, mature seeds, raw:
    Contain:9 mg
    % Daily value: 60%
  6. Pistachio nuts, raw:
    Contain: 0.9 mg
    % Daily value: 58%
  7. Lentils raw:
    Contain: 0.9 mg
    % Daily value: 58 %

 

  1. Sesame seeds, whole, dried:
    Contain: 0.8 mg
    % Daily value: 53%

 

  1. Peanuts, all types, raw:
    Contain: 0.6mg
    % Daily value: 43%

 

  1. Lupins, mature seeds, raw:
    Contain: 0.6 mg
    % Daily value: 43%

 

 

Deficiency symptoms

  1. Loss of appetite and weight loss
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24607345
  2. Fatigue
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1297139/
  3. Irritability, and muscle cramps
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4199287/
  4. Visual loss and optic nerve head swelling
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4039400/
  5. Nausea and vomiting
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4175961/
  6. Bradycardia
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/859046