Function:

 

  1. control blood pressure
  2. control blood volume
  3. for muscles and nerves to work properly
    https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002415.htm
  4. maintain the proper balance of water and minerals
  5. sodium chloride (salt) used as food flavor and preservative
    https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/salt-and-sodium/
  6. normal growth of children
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781416031635500130

 

Overdose: more than 2300 mg/day
https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/salt-and-sodium/

Excess: excreted in the urine
https://www.nih.gov/news-events/nih-research-matters/how-body-regulates-salt-levels

Type: water soluble

 

 

 

 

 

 

Side effects of hypernatremia:

  1. High blood pressure
  2. A serious retention of fluid in people with heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, or kidney disease
    https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002415.htm
  3. increase risk of stomach cancer
    https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/salt-and-sodium/
  4. hypocalcemia
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780323035064101622
  5. osteoporosis
    https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/salt-and-sodium/

Neurological symptoms
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780323041072501332

 

Recommended daily intake= 2300 mg

  1. Salt, table
    Contain: 38758 mg
    %DV: 1615%
  2. Leavening agents, baking soda
    Contain: 27361 mg
    %DV: 1140%
  3. Grape leaves, canned
    Contain: 2853 mg
    %DV: 119%
  4. Tomatoes, sun-dried
    Contain: 2095 mg
    %DV: 87%
  5. Eggplant, pickled
    Contain: 1674 mg
    %DV: 70%
  6. Pickles, cucumber, sour
    Contain: 1208 mg
    %DV: 50%
  7. Spices, chili powder
    Contain: 1010 mg
    %DV: 42%
  8. Olives, ripe, canned (small-extra-large)
    Contain: 872 mg
    %DV: 36%
  9. Seaweed, wakame, raw
    Contain: 872 mg
    %DV: 36%

 

Deficiency symptoms

  1. neurological symptoms and poor growth
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27276434
  2. impaired cognition, and fatigue
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25572931
  3. increase fracture risk.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24840297
  4. impaired gait stability
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28810281
  5. life-threatening cerebral edema
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23918113
  6. seizures and cardiorespiratory distress
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27044859