Function:

  1. Has good resistance to corrosion in most molten glasses
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444527875001062
  2. Lymphocyte proliferation
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444534392000199
  3. An essential element for the normal growth and health
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080437486081688
  4. Metabolization of purines and pyrimidines
    https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Molybdenum-HealthProfessional/
  5. Metabolizing drugs and toxins
    https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Molybdenum-HealthProfessional/
  6. Provides necessary hardenability in many heat-treatable alloys
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080977539000125

Overdose: more than 2000 mcg
https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Molybdenum-HealthProfessional/#h8

Excess: excreted in the urine
https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Molybdenum-HealthProfessional/#h8

Solubility: water insoluble
https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/molybdenum#section=Solubility

 

Side effects of high molybdenum:

  1. Achy joints
  2. Gout-like symptoms
  3. Abnormally high blood levels of uric acid
    https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Molybdenum-HealthProfessional/#h8
  4. High serum levels of ceruloplasmin (an iron-oxidizing enzyme)
  5. Psychosis
  6. Hallucinations, seizures, and other neurologic symptoms
    https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/molybdenum#toxicity

 

Recommended daily intake= 45 mcg

 

  1. Black-eyed peas, boiled, ½ cup
    Contain: 288 mcg
    %DV: 384 %
  2. Lima beans, boiled, ½ cup
    Contain: 104 mcg
    %DV: 139 %
  3. Potato, baked, flesh and skin, 1 medium
    Contain: 16 mcg
    %DV: 21 %
  4. Banana, medium
    Contain: 15 mcg
    %DV: 20 %
  5. Peanuts, dry roasted, 1 ounce
    Contain: 11 mcg
    %DV: 15 %
  6. Spinach, boiled, ½ cup
    Contain: 8 mcg
    %DV: 11 %
  7. Pecans, dry roasted, 1 ounce
    Contain: 8 mcg
    %DV: 11 %
  8. Corn, sweet yellow, cooked, ½ cup
    Contain: 6 mcg
    %DV: 8 %
  9. Orange, medium
    Contain: 4 mcg
    %DV: 5 %
  10. Carrots, raw, ½ cup
    Contain: 2 mcg
    %DV: 3 %

https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Molybdenum-HealthProfessional/#h3

Deficiency symptoms

  1. Seizures
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B012227055X012049
  2. brain atrophy and mental retardation
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B012227055X012049
  3. fatigue
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780702051401000109
  4. Lens dislocation
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780702051401000109
  5. tachycardia, headaches, and night-blindness
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123694133500896

sulfite sensitivity producing allergy like reactions
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780702055140000166