Function:

  1. change food into energy
  2. normal thyroid function
  3. production of thyroid hormones.
    https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002421.htm
  4. play a role in immune response
  5. Have a beneficial effect on mammary dysplasia
  6. Have a beneficial effect on fibrocystic breast disease
    https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iodine-HealthProfessional/#h8

 

Overdose: more than 1,100 mcg
https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iodine-HealthProfessional/#h8

Excess: excreted in the urine
https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iodine-HealthProfessional/#h8

Solubility: Fat soluble
https://www.scienceworld.ca/resources/activities/deep-purple-magic

 

Side effects of excessive iodine:

  1. inhibits thyroid hormone synthesis
  2. increases TSH stimulation
  3. goiter disease
  4. thyroid papillary cancer
  5. thyroid gland inflammation
  6. Acute poisoning symptoms include burning of the mouth, throat, and stomach; fever; abdominal pain; nausea; vomiting; diarrhea; weak pulse; and coma
    https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iodine-HealthProfessional/#h8

 

Recommended daily intake= 150 mcg

  1. Seaweed, whole or sheet, 1 g
    Contain: 16 to 2,984 mcg
    %DV: 11% to 1,989%
  2. Iodized salt, 1.5 g (approx. 1/4 teaspoon)
    Contain: 71 mcg
    %DV: 47%
  3. Prunes, dried, 5 prunes
    Contain: 13 mcg
    %DV: 9%
  4. Lima beans, mature, boiled, 1/2 cup
    Contain: 8 mcg
    %DV: 5%
  5. Apple juice, 1 cup
    Contain: 7 mcg
    %DV: 5%
  6. Banana, 1 medium
    Contain: 3 mcg
    %DV: 2%
    https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iodine-HealthProfessional/#h3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deficiency symptoms

  1. Affect the cognition of the offspring in iodine-deficient mothers
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28294052
  2. Hypothyroxinemia of the child in iodine-deficient mother
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28294052
  3. cretinism and growth retardation in infants
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27534632
  4. miscarriage, stillbirth
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25231449
  5. congenital anomalies
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25231449

Decrease in weight, food intake, and food utilization
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28219157