Function:

  1. help reduce tooth decay
  2. Adding fluoride to tap water helps reduce cavities in children by more than half.
    https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002420.htm
  3. increases bone strength
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780120802616500131
  4. treatment of osteoporosis
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123813664000134
  5. reduce renal urate excretion
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128158760000449

 

Overdose: 5 mg Fluoride/kg body weight
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5651468/

Excess: excreted primarily into the urine and to a lesser extent into feces, sweat, saliva, and breast milk
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5651468/

Solubility: water soluble
https://www.innerbody.com/nutrition/micronutrients
https://www.greenfacts.org/en/fluoride/fluorides-2/01-use.htm#2

Side effects of excess fluoride:

  1. bone deterioration
  2. diarrhea
  3. mottled or white spotted teeth
  4. nausea
  5. vomiting
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123918826000078
  6. Irregular or slow heartbeat
    https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002650.htm

Recommended daily intake= 4 mg= 4000 mcg
https://www.nap.edu/read/11537/chapter/35

  1. Water, tap, drinking
    Contain: 71.2 mcg
  2. potato chips, plain, salted
    Contain: 61.3 mcg
  3. Orange juice drink
    Contain: 54.8 mcg
  4. Spices, pepper, black
    Contain: 34.2 mcg
  5. Beans, snap, green, raw
    Contain: 19.0 mcg
  6. Nuts, pecans
    Contain: 10.0 mcg
  7. Avocados, raw, all commercial varieties
    Contain: 7 mcg
  8. Radishes, raw
    Contain: 6 mcg
  9. Strawberries, raw
    Contain: 4.4 mcg
  10. Peaches, raw
    Contain: 4 mcg

 

 

 

 

Deficiency symptoms

  1. dental caries
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29072650
  2. OSTEOPOROSIS
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0889852905700153?via%3Dihub
  3. Cancer
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15082094
  4. Delay the formation of dental enamels
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21287392
  5. Increasing the activity of streptococci bacteria
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10434061
  6. Increasing the risk of gingivitis and rising leucocyte number
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31089124