Function:

  1. Works with iron to help the body form red blood cells
  2. Aids in iron absorption.
  3. Healthy blood vessels
  4. Healthy nerves
  5. Healthy immune system
  6. Healthy bones
    https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002419.htm

 

Overdose: Over 10,000 mcg
https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Copper-HealthProfessional/#h8

Excess: Most copper is excreted in bile, and a small amount is excreted in urine
https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Copper-HealthProfessional/#h8

Solubility: water insoluble
https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/23978#section=Solubility

Side effects of high copper:

 

  1. Liver damage
  2. Abdominal pain
  3. Cramps
  4. Nausea
  5. Diarrhea

Vomiting
https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Copper-HealthProfessional/#h8

 

Recommended daily intake= 0.9 mg

  1. Mushrooms, shiitake, dried
    Contain: 5.2 mg
    %DV: 258%
  2. sesame seeds, whole, dried
    Contain: 4.1 mg
    %DV: 204%
  3. cashew nuts, raw
    Contain: 2.2 mg
    %DV: 110%
  4. sunflower seed kernels, dried
    Contain: 1.8 mg
    %DV: 90%
  5. hazelnuts or filberts
    Contain: 1.7 mg
    %DV: 86%
  6. Soybeans, mature seeds, raw
    Contain: 1.7 mg
    %DV: 83%
  7. Spearmint, dried [mint]
    Contain: 1.5 mg
    %DV: 77%
  8. Tomatoes, sun-dried
    Contain: 1.4 mg
    %DV: 71%
  9. pistachio nuts, raw
    Contain: 1.3 mg
    %DV: 65%
  10. Nuts, pecans
    Contain: 1.2 mg
    %DV: 60%

 

Deficiency symptoms

  1. iron deficiency anemia
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15284382
  2. affect energy levels leading to fatigue
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12539966
  3. bone abnormalities
    https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/63/5/791S/4651470
  4. hypopigmentation of the hair
    https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/63/5/791S/4651470
  5. impaired growth and increased incidence of infections
    https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/63/5/791S/4651470
  6. Neutropenia and weak immune system
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7770185