Function:

 

  1. It is needed to keep the proper balance of body fluids
  2. It is an essential part of digestive (stomach) juices
  3. It is one of the components of salt used in cooking and in some foods
    https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002417.htm
  4. Along with sodium and potassium are responsible for osmotic pressure and acid-base balance
  5. Acts as an oxidizing agent
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780120749034500121
  6. maintains urine output and concentrations in the renal countercurrent mechanism
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978141602971710008X

 

Overdose: more than 2.3 g/day
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002417.htm

Excess: 90% excreted in the urine and is also excreted in stool and sweat
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978141602971710008X

Type: water soluble
https://www.open.edu/openlearn/ocw/mod/oucontent/view.php?printable=1&id=2624

 

Symptoms of hyperchloremia:

 

  1. changes in sodium
  2. metabolic acidosis
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781437706574000065
  3. Increase your blood pressure from sodium chloride
  4. Cause a buildup of fluid in people with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, or kidney disease
    https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002417.htm

 

Recommended daily intake= 2300 mg

  1. Celery
  2. Lettuce
  3. Olives
  4. Rye
  5. Tomatoes
  6. Seaweeds
  7. Table salt
  8. Sea salt
    %DV: 3400 mg

 

Deficiency symptoms

  1. loss of appetite
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6932641
  2. decrease the growth rate in infants
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6932641
  3. muscle weakness
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6932641
  4. lethargy
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6932641
  5. Erythro-cyturia which is presence of red blood cells in the urine
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6932641

hypotension, tachycardia, and orthostatic changes in blood pressure
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK309/#A5565