1. It is needed to keep the proper balance of body fluids
  2. It is an essential part of digestive (stomach) juices
  3. It is one of the components of salt used in cooking and in some foods
  4. Along with sodium and potassium are responsible for osmotic pressure and acid-base balance
  5. Acts as an oxidizing agent
  6. maintains urine output and concentrations in the renal countercurrent mechanism


Overdose: more than 2.3 g/day

Excess: 90% excreted in the urine and is also excreted in stool and sweat

Type: water soluble


Symptoms of hyperchloremia:


  1. changes in sodium
  2. metabolic acidosis
  3. Increase your blood pressure from sodium chloride
  4. Cause a buildup of fluid in people with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, or kidney disease


Recommended daily intake= 2300 mg

  1. Celery
  2. Lettuce
  3. Olives
  4. Rye
  5. Tomatoes
  6. Seaweeds
  7. Table salt
  8. Sea salt
    %DV: 3400 mg


Deficiency symptoms

  1. loss of appetite
  2. decrease the growth rate in infants
  3. muscle weakness
  4. lethargy
  5. Erythro-cyturia which is presence of red blood cells in the urine

hypotension, tachycardia, and orthostatic changes in blood pressure