Vitamin E


Vitamin e is another fat soluble nutrient that functions as a beneficial antioxidant in the body by preventing the spread of free-radical reactions.[2]

There are approximately eight naturally occurring forms of vitamin E and only a-tocopherol is recognised to meet human needs.[1]

It is known to protect skin against harmful UV radiations and free radicals damage and hence it is an integral part of skin’s antioxidant defenses. [5]

Some studies indicate that vitamin e supplementation can help against skin wrinkling or photoprotection.[5]

Body Functions

Recommended Daily Intake

Deficiency Symptoms

  • Muscle weakness [7]
  • Vision problems [7]
  • Immune system changes[7]
  • Numbness [7]
  • Difficulty in walking [7]
  • Poor sense of balance [7]
  • May also cause anaemia [7]

Vegan Food Sources

Side Effects

  • Nausea [8]
  • Diarrhea [8]
  • Intestinal cramps [8]
  • Fatigue [8]
  • Weakness [8]
  • Headache [8]

Groups At Risk


Impact On Other Nutrients

  • Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) – Vitamin E requirements may increase when intakes of PUFAs are increased.[2]
  • Vitamin K – Taking vitamin E with vitamin K might decrease the effects of vitamin K.[8]

Solubility type: Fat soluble.

Storage: Vitamin E is absorbed in the intestine and stored in the liver. [2].

Absorption: vitamin E

Absorption is estimated to be around 51 to 86 percent[3] Because vitamin E is a fat-soluble nutrient, its absorption is enhanced when it is consumed in a meal that contains fat; [2] Vitamin E is excreted in both the urine and feces, with fecal elimination being the major mode of excretion [2]

  • Previous

    Vitamins and minerals

  • Next

    Vitamins and minerals

Subscribe to Newsletter

Follow us on Pinterest



Body functions

About Veganism

Learn more about the origins , different types and potential nutritional deficiencies

Our Mission

Learn more about our mission, our approach and the story behind the fromgreens project

2050 Challenges

Learn more about the Environmental, Health and Societal challenges of the future

Subscribe to Newsletter